4 Main Anxiety Disorders
There are four main types of anxiety disorders.
2) Panic Disorder
3) Generalized Anxiety Disorder
4) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
During the phobia, Anxiety is restricted to a specific type of situation. And the people who are suffering from the phobia will be presenting severe autonomic symptoms such as increased breathing, heart rate and sweating. And they cope up with the situation by avoidance.
Agoraphobia is defined as fear of space or other definition is called cluster of phobia. It includes fear of leaving the home, crowds or public places, shops. And the phobia is very severe in public transport. In Agoraphobia avoiding the phobic situation is prominent.
In social phobia, people suffering from phobia fears scrutiny by the people. They also suffers from low self esteem, fear of criticism. fear of particular places that are highly populated. Fear of coming upfront, blushing, tremor, feeling sick and frequency to urinate.
And there are specific phobia blood phobia and animals to medical situation. Patients, sometimes consider autonomical symptoms (secondary manifestations) of anxiety as primary. And the usual way of overcoming phobia is avoiding the stimulus situation.
2) Panic Disorder
In panic attacks, the anxiety is not particular to any situation or circumstances unlike phobia. Panic attacks are out of blue. It is manifested as the involuntary symptoms such as palpitations, chest-pain, dizziness. Sometimes the situation may become unreal like fear of dying, fainting or going mad.
3) Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Generalized anxiety disorder and Panic Disorder are distinct. It's free-floating anxiety ( it's not attached to anything and it's more generalized without an obvious cause ). Autonomic symptoms and avoidance are common.
4) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, There are recurrent obsessional thoughts and compulsive acts. Obsessional thoughts are ideas or images in mind. These obsessional thoughts are distressing and recognizes itself as person's own thoughts. Though they are involuntary and unpleasant, when one act to these compulsive thoughts there's a reduction in anxiety. In OCD, these compulsive acts becomes ritualized. For example, checking the plug sockets every hour.
And these anxiety disorders can be managed by cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). .
If your symptoms are not getting better then it's time to consult your Psychiatrist. As the medication can improve quality of your life.
After following your course of treatment you can again switch to cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT).
Podcasts.ox.ac.uk. (2018). Anxiety disorders | University of Oxford Podcasts - Audio and Video Lectures. [online] Available at: https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/anxiety-disorders [Accessed 4 May 2018].